1. CONTRACT AND SPECIFICATIONS
1.1 Each sale of Goods by the Company to the Buyer will, unless otherwise expressly agreed in writing by the Company and the Buyer, be governed by these Terms and Conditions, the Sales Agreement and any invoice (together, the “Contract”).
1.2 The description of the Goods to be supplied by the Company shall be as specified in the Contract. However, dimensions and specifications referred to in the Contract are estimates only and are subject to reasonable tolerances.
2.1 Payment of the Price, and any other amounts payable under the Contract, shall be made on the date specified in the Contract or, if no date is specified, before the 20th calendar day of the month following delivery of the Goods (“Due Date”).
2.2 The Buyer shall not be entitled to withhold payment or to make any deductions from the Price.
2.3 If the Buyer fails to make full payment of the Price by the Due Date, the Buyer will be liable to pay the Company default interest at a rate equal to 3% per annum above the Reserve Bank’s 90 day bill rate (calculated by reference to Reuters page BKBM (or any successor page) at or about 10.45 am on the first business day of the period in respect of which such rate of interest is to be calculated). The default interest rate shall be calculated on a daily basis, from the Due Date until that overdue amount is paid in full (both before and after any judgment).
2.4 The Company may set off any amount payable by it to the Buyer against any amount payable by the Buyer to the Company.
3. TAXES AND DUTIES
3.1 Unless expressly included in any quotation given by the Company, GST and other taxes and duties assessed or levied in connection with the supply of the Goods to the Buyer are not included in the Price and shall be the responsibility of the Buyer or, where the payment of such taxes or duties is the responsibility of the Company at law, the Price shall be increased by the amount of such taxes or duties.
3.2 Where GST or other taxes or duties are expressly included in any quotation given by the Company, any increase in the amount of such GST or other taxes and duties between the date of quotation and the date of delivery of the Goods shall be the responsibility of the Buyer and the Price shall be increased accordingly.
4.1 Delivery shall be made at the place indicated in the Contract or, if no place shall be indicated in the Contract, delivery shall be made at the Company’s premises (for collection by the Buyer).
4.2 If the Buyer fails or refuses or indicates to the Company that the Buyer will fail or refuse to take or accept delivery, then the Goods shall be deemed to have been delivered when the Company was willing to deliver them.
4.3 In the case of export sales, delivery on a sale FOB, CIF or CFR shall, unless otherwise stated in the Contract, be complete when the Goods effectively pass the ship’s rail at the port of shipment or arrive at the airport for despatch or earlier leave the Company’s custody for shipment to the Buyer.
4.4 Without prejudice to any other rights and remedies which it may have, the Company may charge storage and transportation expenses if the Buyer fails or refuses to take or accept delivery, or indicates to the Company that it will fail or refuse to take or accept delivery, at the time specified in the Contract or at any other times that the Company is able to deliver the Goods.
5.1 Risk of any loss, damage or deterioration of or to the Goods shall be borne by the Buyer from the time the Goods are delivered to the Buyer in accordance with section 4.
6.1 If any time for delivery of the Goods or completion of the Contract or any part thereof shall be stated in the Contract, such time shall be approximate only and shall not be deemed to be of the essence of the Contract.
6.2 The Company shall not be liable for failure to deliver the Goods, or for any delay in delivery of the Goods, where such failure or delay is occasioned by strike, combination of workmen, lockout, difficulty in procuring goods or services, shortage of labour, shortage of power, lack of skilled labour, delays in shipping or other transit, failure or delay by the Buyer in performing any of its obligations hereunder, failure or delays by suppliers or subcontractors, failure or delays or inability to obtain any necessary import or export licence, foreign exchange control authorisation or similar authorisation, legislative governmental or other prohibitions or restrictions, fire, inclement weather, natural disaster, hostilities, commotions, or other causes whatsoever (whether similar in nature or not to the foregoing) beyond the Company’s reasonable control.
6.3 If the delivery of the Goods is delayed by reason of or as a result of any act, omission, default or request by or on behalf of the Buyer, the Company may, without prejudice to its other rights and remedies, require payment by the Buyer of such portion of the Price as represents the extent to which the Company has performed the Contract up to the date such payment is required, together with any expenses or additional costs incurred (or will be incurred) by the Company as a result of such delay. In the event of such delay continuing beyond a reasonable time, the Company may, without prejudice to its other remedies, terminate the Contract and recover from the Buyer any additional expenses or costs incurred by the Company as a result of such delay.
7.1 Subject to clause 7.2, title to and ownership of the Goods remain with the Company and do not pass to the Buyer until the Buyer pays the Price for the Goods and all other moneys owing to the Company from time to time (“Buyer’s Indebtedness”).
7.2 Where the Goods are processed prior to the payment of the Buyer’s Indebtedness, title to and ownership of those processed goods and/or such part or parts as are identifiable as being substantially derived from the Goods (“Processed Goods”) shall remain with the Company until the earlier of:
- the payment of the Buyer’s Indebtedness; or
- such time as such processed Goods have been sold by the Buyer as permitted by the Contract.
7.3 While ownership of the Goods or Processed Goods remains with the Company:
- The Buyer shall hold them as bailee and has a fiduciary duty to the Company in respect of them, including any proceeds derived from them.
- The Buyer must, if required by the Company, store them separately and clearly identify them as belonging to the Company.
- The Company authorises the Buyer to use the Goods in the ordinary course of its business and to sell the Processed Goods for full consideration in the ordinary course of its business, provided that this authority will be revoked immediately upon any Event of Default occurring (without the need of the Company to give any notice).
- The Buyer irrevocably authorises the Company (without the necessity for giving any notice) to enter any premises where the Goods and/or Processed Goods are stored and remove them without in any way being liable to the Buyer or any person or company claiming through the Buyer. During any such access, the Company will comply with the reasonable health and safety requirements of the Buyer.
7.4 If the Buyer uses or sells the Goods or any Processed Goods before title to and ownership of the Goods or Processed Goods has passed to the Buyer, the proceeds of such sale or use shall be received and held by the Buyer (in whatever form) in trust for both the Buyer and the Company, and in respect of which:
- the Company’s interest as beneficiary under that trust shall be that portion of the proceeds which is equivalent to, but does not exceed, the Buyer’s Indebtedness; and
- the balance of the proceeds (if any) shall be the Buyer’s beneficial interest under that trust.
8.1 The Buyer agrees that nothing in sections 114(1)(a), 133 and 134 of the NZ PPSA shall apply to the Contract, or to any security interest which arises under the Contract, and waives the Buyer’s rights under sections 121, 125, 129 and 131 of the NZ PPSA.
8.2 To the fullest extent permissible at law:
- for the purposes of sections 115(1) and 115(7) of the Australian PPSA, the Company need not comply with sections 95, 118, 121(4), 125, 130, 132(3)(d) or 132(4), and sections 142 and 143 are excluded;
- for the purposes of section 115(7) of the Australian PPSA, the Company need not comply with sections 132 and 137(3); and
- if the Company exercises a right, power or remedy in connection with the Contract, that exercise is taken not to be an exercise of a right, power or remedy under the Australian PPSA unless the Company states otherwise at the time of exercise, or unless the right, power or remedy is only available under the Australian PPSA.
8.3 The Buyer and the Company agree that they will not disclose any information of the type referred to in section 275(1) of the Australian PPSA unless they are required to do so under section 275(7). The Buyer agrees not to exercise its rights under section 275 to make any request of the Company, or to waive a duty of confidence that would otherwise relieve the Company of an obligation to respond to a request under that section.
8.4 To the fullest extent permissible at law, the Buyer waives the right to receive any notice required under any provision of the NZ PPSA or the Australian PPSA, including a copy or notice of any verification statement confirming registration of a financing statement or financing change statement relating to any security interest which arises under the Contract.
8.5 The Buyer agrees to do anything that the Company reasonably requires to ensure that the Company:
- has a perfected security interest in the Goods and the Processed Goods;
- has a purchase money security interest in the Goods and the Processed Goods to the extent of their purchase price; and
- is able to exercise all of its rights and powers under the Contract, whether or not on the enforcement of the security interest hereunder (including but not limited to, permitting the Company to enter any premises where the Goods and any goods into which the Goods are processed are stored and remove them following the occurrence of an Event of Default, where during such access the Company will comply with the reasonable health and safety requirements of the Buyer).
9.1 Notwithstanding any other provision of the Contract, the Company shall not be liable for:
- any loss of profits, loss of income, loss of opportunity, loss of savings, or any consequential, indirect or special loss, damage or injury of any kind whatsoever, suffered by the Buyer arising directly or indirectly from any breach of any of the Company’s obligations arising under or in connection with the Contract or from any cancellation of the Contract or from any negligence, misrepresentation or other act or omission on the part of the Company, its servants, agents or contractors;
- any claims that the Goods were not fit for the purpose for which they are used or intended to be used by the Buyer or any other person; or
- any claims for loss, damage or injury arising from a breach of any of the Company’s obligations arising under or in connection with the Contract, whether in contract or pursuant to any cancellation of the Contract or in tort or otherwise howsoever, from any negligence, misrepresentation or other act or omission on the part of the Company, its servants, agents or contractors for anything, other than as provided for in clause 9.2.
9.2 Subject at all times to clause 9.3, if the Company fails to supply Goods that meet the description of Goods expressly set out in the Contract, a claim of the type described in clause 9.1(c) may be brought by the Buyer against the Company, but only if, and to the extent that:
- the full particulars of the nature and amount of that claim are notified to the Company in writing within seven days of delivery of the Goods (which may be, as contemplated in clause 4.1, to be at the Company’s premises);
- if the Goods have been delivered to the Buyer, the Buyer makes the Goods available for independent testing as required by the Company from time to time, and in any event, any liability of the Company shall not exceed the maximum liability under clause 9.3;
- the Company is liable under clauses 9.5; and
- the Buyer’s sole remedy against the Company is the repairing, correcting, resupplying or, where necessary, replacing, of the affected Goods by or on behalf of the Company.
9.3 Notwithstanding any other provision of the Contract, the Company’s total maximum liability under the Contract shall not exceed the Price of the Goods received by the Company under the Contract.
9.4 The parties agree that:
- the Goods are supplied for the purposes of a business, and that the Consumer Guarantees Act 1993 of New Zealand does not apply; and
- the Buyer does not acquire any of the Goods, or acquire any services from the Company, as a “consumer” within the meaning and for the purposes of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 of Australia.
9.5 If any Goods are supplied to the Company by a manufacturer:
- where the Goods have the benefit of an express warranty from the manufacturer, the Buyer shall be entitled to such benefits as the Company may receive under that warranty in relation to the Goods, but only to the extent that the Company is able, without incurring any cost, expense or loss, to pass those benefits on to the Buyer; and
- notwithstanding any other provision of the Contract but subject to clause 9.3, the Company’s liability in relation to the Goods shall be limited to the liability accepted by the manufacturer in relation to the Goods.
10. USE OF GOODS
10.1 The Buyer shall be responsible for ensuring that the specification, grade and type of Goods purchased from the Company are suitable for the purpose for which they will be used.
10.2 The Buyer acknowledges that it does not rely on any representation or statement made by or on behalf of the Company other than the express provisions of the Contract.
10.3 To the fullest extent permissible at law, all representations, terms, warranties, guarantees or conditions, whether implied by statute, common law, custom of the trade or otherwise, including but not limited to implied warranties, guarantees or conditions of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose, are excluded.
10.4 The Buyer shall indemnify the Company against any third party claim against the Company arising directly or indirectly out of, or in connection with, the Buyer’s use of the Goods supplied under the Contract (including, but not limited to, in relation to any re-supply of the Goods by or on behalf of the Buyer to any third party).
11.1 If an Event of Default occurs, the Company may, without prejudice to any other right or remedy it may have, suspend or terminate the Contract, and all moneys payable to the Company shall immediately become due and payable.
12. NO ASSIGNMENT
12.1 The Buyer may not assign or otherwise transfer all or any of its rights or obligations under the Contract without the prior written consent of the Company.
13. CONFLICT, VARIATION AND EXCLUSIONS
13.1 In the case of any conflict between an order submitted by the Buyer or any other document evidencing or describing any Goods, on the one hand, and the Contract, on the other hand, the Contract shall prevail. Further, if there is any other document or arrangement which conflicts with the Contract, the Contract shall prevail.
13.2 The Contract is not intended to, and shall not, be enforceable by any third party other than the Buyer and the Company.
13.3 Any modification to or variation of the Contract must be in writing and signed by the Company and the Buyer.
13.4 The Contract is the entire agreement between the Company and the Buyer, and replaces all earlier negotiations, representations, warranties, understandings and agreements, whether oral or written, between the Company and the Buyer relating to its subject matter.
13.5 No failure or delay by any party in exercising any rights, power or privilege under the Contract shall operate as a waiver, nor shall any single or partial exercise preclude any other or further exercise of any right, power or privilege under the Contract.
14. LAW AND JURISDICTION; DISPUTES
14.1 The Contract is governed by the laws of New Zealand and the Buyer submits to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the New Zealand courts.
14.2 If a dispute arises between the parties as to the meaning or application of the Contract or any other matter in connection with, or which may have an effect on the Contract, the parties will endeavour to resolve the dispute by negotiation in good faith. The parties will attend at least one meeting with a view to resolving the dispute before taking any other steps concerning the dispute (including but not limited to commencing any legal proceedings other than an application for injunctive relief).
14.3 Pending resolution of any dispute, the parties shall continue to perform their respective obligations under the Contract.
15.1 Definitions: In these Terms and Conditions, unless the context otherwise requires:
- “Australian PPSA” means the Personal Property Securities Act 2009 of Australia.
- “Buyer” means the person, firm, company or other entity buying the Goods from the Company.
- “Company” means R.C. Macdonald Limited.
- “Event of Default” means the occurrence of any of the following (whether or not within the control of the Buyer):
- the Buyer fails to pay all or any part of the Buyer’s Indebtedness on the due date for payment; or
- the Buyer defaults in the performance of all or any part of its obligations to the Company, whether under the Contract or otherwise; or
- the Buyer enters into any composition or arrangement with its creditors; or
- the Buyer does anything which would make it liable to be put into liquidation; or
- a resolution is passed or proceedings are commenced for the liquidation of the Buyer; or
- a receiver, receiver and manager, administrator, or statutory or official manager is appointed over the Buyer or all or any of the Buyer’s assets; or
- the Goods or any of them are at risk.
- “Goods” means any and all steel products and other goods from time to time that have been or are to be supplied by the Company to the Buyer.
- “GST” means goods and services tax in terms of the Goods and Services Tax Act 1985 of New Zealand or the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999 of Australia (as applicable).
- “NZ PPSA” means the Personal Property Securities Act 1999 of New Zealand.
- “Price” means, in relation to any Goods, the price of those Goods as agreed between the Company and the Buyer, and specified in the Contract.
- “Sales Agreement” means the agreement entitled “Sales Agreement” between the Buyer and the Company describing the Goods and setting out terms specific to the supply and delivery of the Goods by the Company to the Buyer.
- The terms “at risk” and “default” shall have the respective meanings given to them under, or in the context of, the NZ PPSA.
- The terms “financing statement”, “financing change statement”, “perfected”, “personal property”, “proceeds”, “purchase money security interest”, “rights”, “security interest” and “verification statement” shall have the respective meanings given to them under, or in the context of, the Australian PPSA or the NZ PPSA (as applicable).